A brief history of technological evolution theory and the influence of the post-industrial revolution- By Sharilynn Hanslo

The theory of technology

Technological evolution is a theory known as the Radical transformation of society through technological development. A theory first introduced by Czech philosopher Radovan Rishta. Mankind In Transition; A View of the Distant Past, the Present and the Far Future, Masefield Books, 1993. Radical transformation is certainly the appropriate word to use when describing the exponential technological growth that weve experienced on a global scale. Člověk a technika v revoluci našich dnů – (“Man and technology in the revolution of our days”)

World war 2

During world war 2 Richta was an influential political activist and instrumental in organizing resistance movements against the Nazi regime. These resistance organizations became known as the communist resistance movement. It was also during this time that some of the worst and most vicious forms of persecution against resistance groups had taken place ( known as man hunting) As a result many people within resistance groups were captured, including Richta. After his capture, he has held prisoner but managed to be rescued by the Swiss Red Cross shortly before his execution was scheduled. While he managed to escape many others did not. Shortly after his rescue his fellow prisoners and inmates were executed.

By 1960 he was no longer as active politically but did head an interdisciplinary research team. By 1963  Člověk a technika v revoluci našich dnů (“Man and technology in the revolution of our days“) was published. The theory ultimately aims to explain the factors that shape technological innovation as well as the impact of technology on society and culture. It further explores the impact technology has on human development, social-economic development, production, and communication.

Gerhard Lenski

Another well-known Sociologist is Gerhard Lenski. He theorized concepts that focused on the relationship between technology, the environment, and society. Lenski was interested in how technology related to the environment culture and society. Lenski argued that technology is crucial for developing culture and society and that the level of technology that a group of people has access to before the rest of society does will then determine their cultural patterns, social organization, and degree of inequality.

Modern machinary and the industrial revolution

The horticultural and pastoral society way of life began about 10,000 years ago when people learned agricultural skills and began harvesting their own surplus. However, as the population grew there was a diversification of social roles. Some people became leaders and religious practitioners, which introduced an element of inequality to the society that did not exist in the hunter/gatherer society previously.

In summary, this was a period heavily influenced and shaped by the implementation of technology and agricultural machinery known as the industrial revolution. Within a short period, we begin to see a rise in diversification regarding social roles and social classes, and as a result inequality and pay disparity becomes a more complex problem. Today we are living in the 5 stages of a Post-Industrial Society known as a social organization which is defined by computer technology aiding in the production of goods and services in the economy.

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